[Read] ➪ Upheaval By Jared Diamond – Tkcleaningservices.co.uk

Upheaval An example of presumed lack of models is provided by the U.S today, for which belief in American exceptionalism translates into the widespread belief that the U.S has nothing to learn from Canada and Western European democracies not even from their solutions to issues that arise for every country, such as health care, education, immigration, prisons, and security in old age issues about which most Americans are dissatisfied with our American solutions but still refuse to learn from Canadian or Western European solutions It has been a source of frustration for me that Americans have developed so many prejudices against Europe and even their North American partnerships We do so believe in our exceptionalism that we refuse to recognize that someone else somewhere else knows how to do something better than we do When I read about the Roman Empire, one of their strengths, that always impressed me and helped them become the most powerful nation the world has ever seen, until the United States, was their ability to recognize and assimilate good ideas from other cultures They assimilated the very best from every culture they encountered As Jared Diamond points out, look at how many of the United States winners of Nobel Prizes were immigrants or first generation descendents from immigrants The US may have provided the catalyst for those exceptional people to reach their Diamond in the RoughAlbert Einstein spent the last half of his life trying to fit the universe into one elegant formula He did not succeed Jared Diamond is trying to do the same with national political crises in Upheaval He has developed a list of 12 factors that show up in times of crisis at the nation level The degree to which the nation deals with those factors if at all determines how successful it will likely be in dealing with it.The book exists at three levels the individual, the nation and the world The factors relating to their crises can be quite similar The bulk of the book is on seven countries Diamond has had relationships with, having lived and or worked in them They are Indonesia, Japan, Germany, USA, Australia, Chile and Finland They re all different, and they all handled their crises differently Some are still in crisis.A crisis is a serious challenge that cannot be solved by existing methods of coping, Diamond says The examples include foreign invasion, internal revolution, evolving past previous bad policy, externalizing problems, and denial of problems.As for the US, Diamond sees it entering a crisis of identity and survival, riven by self centered Americans who only care about themselves and today right up to the top Perspective, reflection and especially co operation and compromise are absent from this crisis.These are Diamond There is a large body of research and anecdotal information, built up by therapists, about the resolution of personal crises Could the resulting conclusions help us understand the resolution of national crises Successful coping with either external or internal pressures requires selective change That s as true of nations as of individuals The key word here is selective It s neither possible nor desirable for individuals or nations to change completely, and to discard everything of their former identities The challenge is to figure out which parts of their identities are already functioning well and don t need changing and which parts are no longer working and do need changing Diamond begins with a look at the 1942 Cocoanut Grove fire in Boston 492 people died there, and the trauma of the event spread like a ripple on a pond disturbed by a large stone One result of this event was recognition of the long term effects of short term events Mental health approaches changed as a result, developing a new treatment modality Diamond uses the perspective gained in the development of Crisis Management Therapy to make his historical analysis accessible individual crises are familiar and understandable to non historians Hence the perspective of individual crises makes it easier for lay readers to relate to national crises, and to make sense of their complexities He leads us through a comparative example, using a moment of truth from his own life, and This book explains how six countries historically dealt with their own deep crisis and upheaval Jared believes these six stories will help us solve any present or future U.S crisis or upheaval He begins in Finland discussing the huge mobilization of Finns 1 6 of the population and their fierce resistance against the Soviets which won them their freedom while other nearby nations weren t so lucky When the Soviets fought the Finns, eight Russians died for one Finn Finland, Jared says, also won because as a nation they accepted responsibility for themselves Then Jared moves on to Japan which has evidently has few billionaires Cool Jeopardy Fact Britain is only 22 miles from the mainland while Japan is 110 miles from the mainland Then Jared goes off on a Cold War warrior rant stating how the Soviet Union embarked on a policy of world domination He says there was a real risk of the Russians starting a war against the world LOL with whose petrol With whose boots He talks about the burden of the West protecting Western Europe after WWII never mentioning the 27 million Russians that died during the WWII, the documented exhaustion of its people for military adventures immediately after that, or the overwhelming superiority of American military as Gore Vidal said, at the time the US was supplying the Russian army their boots, and the Russians didn t even have the gas to bring home their artillery and so horses had to drag it back Nor will Jared mention the need of Russia which Successful coping with either external or internal pressure requires selective change That s as true of nations as of individuals The author describes and compares crises and selective changes, over the course of several decades, in Finland, Japan, Chile, Indonesia, Germany, Australia and the United States He has a theory 12 factors associated with the resolution of national crises and he bends each of his samples to fit into that theory He selected those countries because in most cases he had lived there at some point One of my problems with the book is that it doesn t seem like a very rigorous way to select a research sample and I was also put off by the fact that a lot of his research consisted of his questioning his friends and relatives.I stuck with this book until the bitter end, but it took me forever This was too dry for me Finland is thus the first of our two examples of countries experiencing a crisis due to a sudden external shock In the next chapter, on Meiji Era Japan, we shall discuss another country with strong national identity and a distinctive language, much distinctive culturally then Finland, and with even drastic selective change, and with outstanding realism like Finland s but with a different geopolitical There is just nothing new or noteworthy in this book There is not a coherent theory of crisis, just a few bullet point lists of things these countries have in common, which is really a stretch Some of the history was interesting, but if you want history, best go elsewhere A lot of his In this follow up to Guns, Germs, and Steel and Collapse, Jared Diamond shows how nations have overcome crises through methods individuals often practice in overcoming personal trauma Through his historical study of Finland, Meiji Japan, Chile, Indonesia, Germany, and Australia and his examination of current crises facing Japan, the US, and the world, Diamond reveals how certain factors like honest self appraisal and dealing with national failure can help pre Jared Diamond s framework for this book Mapping the factors for individuals to successfully surmount personal crises to the greater context of nations successfully navigating crises strikes me as a simple, brilliant move For all the talk of needing STEM education in our nation we need a few million social workers to guide us all through the honest appraisal of our shortcomings strengths so our nation can move past so many simultaneous crises.Reading about how Japan, Finland, Germany, Chile, Indonesia, and Australia dealt with their modern upheavals made me worry about the United States of America, which Diamond addresses toward the end of his book Do we still have what it takes to resolve incredible challenges Can we leave behind so many damaging cultural myths that hold us back divide us unnecessarily Will the wealthy come to their senses soon enough to allow other groups in our nation to actually receive the benefits of our government somewhat strong economy Diamond mentions that heads of state have read his previous books and discussed them with him I can see that Bill Gates has this book on his To Read list Hey, Bill I Upheaval Download Author Jared Diamond Sigilo.us A Bill Gates Summer Reading Pick A Riveting And Illuminating Yuval Noah Harari New Theory Of How And Why Some Nations Recover From Trauma And Others Don T, By The Pulitzer Prize Winning Author Of The Landmark Bestsellers Guns, Germs, And Steel And Collapse In His International Bestsellers Guns, Germs And Steel AndCollapse, Jared Diamond Transformed Our Understanding Of What Makes Civilizations Rise And Fall Now, In His Third Book In This Monumental Trilogy, He Reveals How Successful Nations Recover From Crises While Adopting Selective Changes A Coping Mechanism Commonly Associated With Individuals Recovering From Personal Crises.Diamond Compares How Six Countries Have Survived Recent Upheavals Ranging From The Forced Opening Of Japan By U.S Commodore Perry S Fleet, To The Soviet Union S Attack On Finland, To A Murderous Coup Or Countercoup In Chile And Indonesia, To The Transformations Of Germany And Austria After World War Two Because Diamond Has Lived And Spoken The Language In Five Of These Six Countries, He Can Present Gut Wrenching Histories Experienced Firsthand These Nations Coped, To Varying Degrees, Through Mechanisms Such As Acknowledgment Of Responsibility, Painfully Honest Self Appraisal, And Learning From Models Of Other Nations Looking To The Future, Diamond Examines Whether The United States, Japan, And The Whole World Are Successfully Coping With The Grave Crises They Currently Face Can We Learn From Lessons Of The Past Adding A Psychological Dimension To The In Depth History, Geography, Biology, And Anthropology That Mark All Of Diamond S Books, Upheaval Reveals Factors Influencing How Both Whole Nations And Individual People Can Respond To Big Challenges The Result Is A Book Epic In Scope, But Also His Most Personal Book Yet. Jared Diamond begins with how he has dealt with upheavals in his life and applies his strategies and those of others to nations With this background, this he defines 12 principles that informed the successful responses of Norway, Japan, Chile, Indonesia, Germany and Australia in times of national crisis The book concludes with the application of these principles to the issues now facing Japan, the US and the world.Diamond selected the countries because he had lived in them and had some familiarity with not just the history but also the people and the language This made for a non representative sample No African country was represented and Asia was represented by Japan which is not typical of Asian countries.The country profiles were excellent I knew little about Norway and wondered how it had not been swallowed up by the USSR The differences between Sukarno and Suharto of Indonesia were clearly explained as were the issues of East Timor and New Guinea The reasons for the vague relationship of Australia to Great Britain are shown to be as unclear as they seem Regarding Japan, Germany and Chile while these upheavals are better known, Diamond provides new to me detail.The 12 principles are those of rational planning They are, esse

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